According to NZ Herald, Southland’s Water and Land Plan decision version have made some significant progress from the original, but there is still room for improvement, farmers say. Chatton farmer Bernadette Hunt said looking at the plan her initial thoughts were it was great the hearing panel had treated the hearing process seriously.
”All the work that farmers have put in has definitely been considered.” While improvements had been made, there were still a few areas of concern for Mrs. Hunt. Under Rule 25, the degree of land which can be cultivated is still 20 degrees as a permitted activity, as it was in the original plan. This was a big issue for Mrs. Hunt as part of her farming operation was arable.
”We grow arable crops on those paddocks and we get a header across them just fine.” Appendix N, which requires farmers to have nutrient budgets using Overseer was also an issue, Mrs. Hunt said. In the Hunts’ submission, they talked about how the budgets were ”extremely challenging to determine for mixed farming types, and have questionable accuracy for sheep and beef farms”.
She asked how this would better water quality if it was not accurate. Under Rule 20, there had been some positive changes made about intensive winter grazing, Mrs. Hunt said. She believed that limiting the number of area farmers could put into the crop to 100ha or 15% of the landholding, whichever was smaller, would force bad habits.
Farmers would have to grow more crop in the area and feed more supplements, which would do more damage than good to improve water quality. On the plus side, Mrs. Hunt was pleased to see physiographic zones had been removed from being embedded in the plan. ”The simplified approach to appendix N is, as a whole, much better too,” she said.
According to Bozeman Daily Chronicle, China’s first space station may fall to the ground as soon as one week from now, and certainly, within two, orbital debris experts with the European Space Agency (ESA) say. Scientists, however, still cannot predict with any confidence where pieces of the 10.4-meter long Tiangong-1 station, which is traveling at 17,000 km/h, will land.
The latest estimate from the ESA indicates the station will enter Earth’s atmosphere between March 30 and April 3, at which time most of the station will burn up. However, the station is large enough—it weighed 8.5 tons when fully fueled but has since used much of that propellant—that some pieces will very likely reach the planet’s surface.
Beyond the fact that the station will reach a final impact point somewhere between 42.8 degrees north and 42.8 degrees south in latitude and probably near the northern or southern extremity of those boundaries due to Tiangong-1’s orbital inclination, it is not possible to say where on Earth the debris will land. However, the likelihood of it affecting humans is quite low. Scientists estimate the “personal probability of being hit by a piece of debris from the Tiangong-1” is about 10 million times smaller than the annual chance of being hit by lightning, stores near me.
No nation likes to lose a piece of space hardware like this. NASA, for example, has already spent years developing a plan to ensure the International Space Station is de-orbited over an ocean when it comes down.
China, too, had initially planned for a controlled reentry for the Tiangong-1 station. The vehicle launched in 2011, and it served as an initial test bed for life-support systems in orbit and as a precursor for China’s plans to launch a larger space station in the 2020s. For several years, the Chinese space agency employed periodic re-boosts to keep Tiangong-1 at an altitude of 300km to 400km above the Earth’s surface.